Hair loss is one of the most common problems men are facing as they age. One in two men deals, in a certain degree, with hair loss up to the age of 50. At the age of 70, about four out of five men develop male pattern boldness and two out of five women have evident hair thinning. Androgenic alopecia (the scientific term for hair loss) is mainly due to hereditary disposition and involves a gradual change from healthy to thin and toneless hair. It usually starts at the top part of the head and the front line on the forehead while side areas seem to be more resistant. The cause is purely genetic and the gene that controls hereditary hair loss is “activated” when the level of androgens in the body rises. This is why first stage of hair loss is evident since adolescence. There are several factors that can contribute in hair loss: bacteria in the hair system, anxiety, poor diet, genetic hair loss (affecting both men and women) and hormonal disorders. Hair transplantation is now accepted by doctors and society as a safe and successful procedure for hair loss treatment. Each year, millions of men and women, trust specialists to improve their image and boost their self-esteem.
The procedure is performed under local anaesthesia or sedation and hospitalisation is not necessary. The cost depends on the surface that needs to be covered. The most evolved and modern technique applied in Athens-Beverly Hills involves removing a strip of scalp from the rear part of the head’s hair system and dissecting it into smaller grafts that are placed in the area where hair loss has developed. The area at the back is called the “donor site” that gives the hair follicles, while the bald area that accepts the grafts is called “recipient site”. No gap is left at the donor site since the wound is sutured back together. At the recipient site, hair follicles, i.e. hair roots, give new hair, exactly as this would develop in the donor site. In other words, roots just change position and are transferred from the back to the front of the hair system, where baldness has developed. Hair will grow at the new site in the same way as they would grow or “behave” at the donor site.
Hair can be dyed and cut without problems. Hair shall remain at the new site forever since they maintain the properties of the donor site and not the recipient site. New hair grows after 3 months and the result is complete within 6 – 8 months.
There are two patterns of hair loss: male and female. In male pattern baldness, classified in 12 stages on the Hamilton scale, hair recedes from the frontal line. Gradual thinning then develops into complete hair loss on the frontoparietal area. In female pattern androgenic alopecia, the frontoparietal line is usually preserved. Baldness is classified in 3 stages. In rare cases, it is possible to observe male pattern baldness in women or female pattern baldness in men.
In men, usually before the age of 30 (50%). In women, after menopause (70%). 5% of men develop baldness before the age of 20, starting with hair thinning at the frontal line.